International Club of Berne

Hike

Sunday, 8th March 2020 at 10am

Location: Treffpunkt at the Berne railway station

This event is in the past.

Hike – Tiefenau and the Enge

When                Sunday, 8 March, at 10:00

Where               Meeting at the railway station Treffpunkt

Contact            Vernon Relling (join www.tinyurl.com/ICB-Hiking)

Deadline          Please indicate your interest by the Friday, 6 March.

We take train S9 from platform 22 to the Tiefenau stop. We walk through the Enge peninsula to the old Roman ruins and then on to the restaurant Zehendermätteli for lunch at around 12 noon (see www.zehendermaetteli.ch).

Comments

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Graham wrote
at 10:32pm on Friday, 6th March 2020
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Engehalbinsel

Das Gebiet war bereits während der Latènezeit (5.–1. Jahrhundert v. Chr.) besiedelt. Aus der galloromanischen Epoche, in dem es u. a. als römisches Stadtviertel (Vicus) verstanden wird, wurden u. a. ein kleines Amphitheater und ein Thermalbad ausgegraben. Ein bedeutender, aus der helvetischen Siedlung stammender Fund, ist die Berner Zinktafel.

Die Mauern des 27,55 auf 25,30 Meter messenden Amphitheaters wurden 1880 entdeckt und zunächst als Wasserreservoir gedeutet. Unmittelbar daneben stand damals noch ein 1738 erbauter und seit 1763 mit einer hohen Sandsteinmauer umgebener Pulverturm. Erst als dieser 1955 dem Bau der Matthäuskirche (Tetraeder-Form, abgesetzter kantiger Turm, Kirchgemeindehaus Rossfeld) an der Reichenbachstrasse 114 weichen musste, wurde die ursprüngliche Funktion des römischen Mauerwerks erkennbar.

Reste des römischen Badehauses

Fussbodenheizung im Badehaus

Rekonstruktionszeichnung des Badehauses see the image on this page
Graham wrote
at 10:28pm on Friday, 6th March 2020
Enge peninsula, which is nowadays partially covered by forests, was the location of an important Celtic oppidum since the 3rd century BC. The Roman settlement which followed was less important and has some public buildings.

The visible ancient remains are integrated in an archaeological tour. This tour begins at Matthäus parish house at Tiefnau, where there is a permanent exhibition, and a leaflet is available there in German, English and French.

The slopes of the peninsula, overhanging several metres the river Aar, as well as the river itself, were a natural defence, strengthened by a Murus gallicus type rampart at several points. The whole protected area, approximately 140 hectares, was not entirely used for housing. In the middle of the first century BC, the area occupied by the oppidum is reduced and a new rampart is built at several locations, as the part excavated near the parish house. With the ramparts and the houses, a religious deposit and a necropolis are known with the excavations made during the 20th century.

Nowadays, the visible remains are some parts of the ramparts whose shape is like an earth mount. At several locations, the ramparts have collapsed because of the erosion made by the river.

http://www.archeoplus.ch/en/archaeo/bern/bern-en-index.htm
Graham wrote
at 8:04pm on Wednesday, 4th March 2020
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Engehalbinsel

Photos https://www.stefan-ramseier.ch/roemisch/tagesbericht/2000/20000506.htm

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